Novel Method for Selective Non-linear Fluxguide Switching for Contactless Inductive Power Transfer

A. E. Umenei, Member, IEEE, J. Schwannecke Member, IEEE, S. Velpula, D. Baarman

Abstract

Efficient inductive power transfer has become an area of increasing scientific interest as it can solve some problems associated with traditional wired or contact power transmission. These include but are not limited to corrosion, mechanical friction, clutter and impracticality in places like underwater and subterranean applications. This wireless energy transfer is made possible by the optimization of electromagnetic induction, circuit frequency resonance all achieved with advanced power electronics. One of the components of this technology is the precise delivery of the incident electromagnetic fields to the precise location to which they are converted to power via induction, without indiscriminate emission of these electromagnetic fields inefficiently into the surrounding areas. This paper presents a method in achieving bounded spatial freedom using flux-guide saturation for flux delivery to one or more secondary coils for contactless inductive power transfer. The experiments demonstrate the principle of using the nonlinearity of a ferrite flux shield in order to ‘open up’ a flux path from the primary to the secondary coil to achieve inductive power transfer.

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